- American Federation of Musicians' list of taped
excerpts for flute
Brody's list of Flute and Piccolo excerpts
- International Music Score Library Project
- a virtual library containing all public domain musical scores, as well as scores from composers who are willing to share
their music with the world without charge
- Orchestral Musicians' CD-ROM Library
- Complete orchestral parts on CD
- Practicing excerpts
- by Patricia George. Here is a page for Peter & the Wolf fingerings from Jennifer Cluff. And Jen's helpful compilation of suggestions for Prokofiev's Classical Symphony here.
- Dr. Edwin Lacy's tips for taking
- Peter Lloyd's Recommended
- Volière or Aviary by Saint-Saëns
- Practice suggestions from Jennifer Cluff
Tevor Wye's Top of the Pops Orchestral Excerpts
- Dolmetsch online
- Scroll down the page past the theory links to get to discussions of music from the 16th to the 20th century
- Flute History
C-sharp in TUNE!
- Youtube masterclass excerpt with Leone Buyse
- Difference Tones
- by John Rosen
- Ear Training Software
to check your flute scale
- from Trevor Wye
- Computer program that produces tones to tune against
- Sir James Galway
- Intonation and intuitive learning
- Wissam Boustany
Intonation of the Modern Flute
- by Trevor Wye
- Google list
- Revised [flute] scale
- A multi-page document courtesy of William Bennett, Eldred Spell, & Trevor Wye
- Freeware that uses a microphone attached to your computer to" give real-time feedback including: Accurate pitch contours for visualising intonation, vibrato shape, tuning or just which note is being played; Loudness graphs, to help analyse dynamics; Harmonic structure of a note describing timbre"
- A Thousand &
One flute tuning ideas
- Index of tuning articles from Jennifer Cluff
- Tuning software
music tuner software mac mostly shareware for Mac users (free)
String Tuning fork - hook your computer up to your sound system & it'll blast away
- Using a tuner to help with intonation
- by Andrea La Rose
- How I memorize music
- from Zara Lawler
- Interview with… Claudio Barile
- Principal flute and soloist of the Buenos Aires Philharmonic discusses his approach to memorization.
- On Memorizing
- by Jamey Andreas, guitarist
- Sir James Galway's suggstions on memorization
More memorization tips
- Memory Map
- "an approach to practice in which the performer writes down details in short-hand graphics, chord symbols,
rhythmic stems, descriptive words or pictures—any type of notation–to trigger mental recall of a passage."
Music Dictionaries Online
- British vs.
American Musical Terms
- Dolmetsch Online
- from Naxos Digital Services
- Music Dictionary - downloadable to PDA
- Musictionary - for iOS devices
- "explains words and terms found in musical scores, in books and
on web sites, in notes on CDs or concert programmes."
- OnMusic Dictionary
- ABCs of Extended Techniques
- Susan Maclagan offers an overview of an NFA masterclass
Extended Techniques Resource Page
- conceived and developed by Robin Mason Horne
- Graded Repertoire with Extended Techniques for unaccompanied Flute, Piccolo, Alto and Bass Flute
- Courtesy of Helen Bledsoe
- by Robert Dick
- Glissandi, Micro intervals, Multiphonics and more
Virtual Boehm Flute
- Click on any combination of keys and see what sounds you can make
- Download your free copy of Andersen Etudes
- Baroque Music Italia
- "[M]usic from the 17:th and 18:th century, many of them not available in any other
modern form." Free for non-commercial use. Composers include J.S., J.C. & C.P.E. Bach, Telemann,
and many others. Individual works unfortunately sorted by date of upload instead of alphabetically.
- Russian site with free bassoon & woodwind quintet scores
- Flute duets - by Scarlatti,
- Thanks to Matthew Taylor
- Flute tunes
- Tunes & midi files for beginner & intermediate flutists
- Free flute music - as well as articles like "How to practice sight-reading"
- Free online tunes to print out
Cluff's collection of free music sites
- Werner Icking Music Archive - The
Sheet Music Archive contains free, ready-to-print sheet music, most in .pdf format.
Lees - Italian language site of this pianist/composer with midi & pdf
files available of his compositions for flute(s) and piano
- Mark Perry's New Flute Music -
PDF format available free for downloading
music scores - These links include only sites with scores that may be downloaded free
- The Royal Library - Copenhagen, Denmark - amazing collection of .pdf files, all free for the downloading
- Some by brand-name composers
- Werner Icking Music Archive
- ontains ready-to-print sheet music, most in the form of .pdf files
- International Music Score
- a virtual library containing all public domain musical scores, as well as
scores from composers who are willing to
share their music with the world without charge.
- Bach Gesellschaft ausgabe
Public domain nonets
Public domain quartets
- Public domain
- Public domain septets
- Public domain
- Kuhlau flute oeuvre
- From the Danish Royal Library
- The Lester S. Levy Collection of
- Over 29,000 pieces of American popular music. A search for flute returned 300+ entries.
- The Maine Music Box
- a flagship music access site, created through a collaboration of the Bagaduce Music Lending Library,
Blue Hill, Bangor Public Library, and the University of Maine’s
- The Musick Cabinet
- A great collection of works arranged mostly for flute duet.
- Royalty-free music. Everything from Aadler to Zöschinger
- The Mutopia project
- The Mutopia Project offers sheet music . . . based on editions in the public domain.
- Carl Nielsen Edition
- Music scores of selected works by Carl Nielsen are available for free download from the Danish Royal Library.
Includes his flute concerto.
- New York Philharmonic archives
- Fabulous resource for orchestral parts, including Shostakovich's
- Online music scores
- These links include only sites with scores that may be downloaded free of charge.
- Orchestral parts
- Ignaz Pleyel
- From the University of Iowa -- including chamber works with flute, strings, etc.
- Public Domain and Creative Commons: A Guide to Works You Can Use Freely
- Click on the sources link you'll find the gold. There is also a well-thought-out discussion of what constitutes public domain material for those interested.
- Public Domain Flute Works
- Schirmer partial perusal scores
- "SchirmerOnDemand allows anyone to view scores from its vast catalog of works by some of the 20th
and 21st centuries' greatest
composers...allows users, with one-time free registration, to instantly view the scores online and in most cases
print them out for perusal." -- "500 scores are currently ready to view"
- Score Online
- Public domain scores from Bach to Garibali
- Sheet Music Consortium
- a group of libraries working toward the goal of building an open collection of digitized sheet
music using the Open Archives Initiative:Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI:PMH).
- Sibley Music Library - search by composer name
- Eastman School of Music
- Sousa parts
- From the Library of Congress. Make sure to read the copyright link at <http://lcweb2.loc.gov/diglib/ihas/html/home/copyright.html>. That page also has a couple interesting articles to read.
Practicing & Teaching Resources
| Articulation | Breathing | Computer tools |
Finger technique | Fingerings |
| Miscellany | Pedagogy | Piccolo pointers |
Practicing | Repertoire | Sight Reading | Tone studies | Vibrato |
- Articulation links
- provided by Jen Cluff
- Phrasing & articulation
- From Dolmetsch.com. Scroll down the page to find out what all those pesky accent marks mean.
- Playing with "Pop"
- Nina Perlove's take on diaphram kicks in articulation
- Circular Breathing
Helen Bledsoe video
- Computer Tools
- for MAC computers. "Allows you to slow down any music without changing the pitch."
Flute Fingering Font
- Not free. The manual on how to use your keyboard in making fingerings is here.
- Online Metronome
- For those of you looking for a free metronome & having a computer hookup in your practice room.
- Here's another one from fluteland.com
- Transcribe - an
assistant for working out a piece of music from a recording, including the ability to slow down the music
without changing its pitch
- Finger technique
- 101 Uses for Scales
- by Mary C.J. Byrne, Ph.D., Victoria (Canada) Conservatory of Music
- Finger position corrector
- From Expanded Musical Concepts - they also publish obbligati for hymns and carols and transcriptions
of works by Dvorak, Cui and others
- Practicing scales
- by Wissam Boustany
- Technique help!
- by Robert J. Billington
- Tension in the hands: a wholistic approach
- by Jonathan Brahms
- Alternate flute fingerings
- Fourth octave
- Altès's alternate
fingerings for fast passages
- Auxiliary piccolo fingerings -
from John Krell
- C# trill uses
- Flute and Piccolo Fingerings
- Basic flute fingering chart, Fingerings above C4, Alternate flute
fingerings and more.
- Flute fingering charts
- For smartphones. Fingerings, trill fingerings, alternate fingerings and more.
- Flute fingering generator
- Courtesy of Nestor Herszbaum. Be sure to read the "Help" file first.
- Flute Fingerings for old-style flutes
- Fingering for the (tenor) renaissance flute, one-key
flutes, trill chart for one-key flutes, Altès' chart of
fingerings to facilitate execution and alter pitch
(notes sensible) on the Boehm flute, and more.
Flute fingerings on the web
- Graphic images of flute fingerings courtesy of Google
- Trill Fingerings
- Trill Fingerings
- From flutetunes.com
- 1st through 4th octaves for flute and piccolo from wfg.woodwinds.org (donate if you can)
Woodwind Fingering Guide
- Recorder, Charanga, Shakuhachi, and more
- Flute Books
- A list from Victoria Jicha (Wheaton College Conservatory) and Larry Krantz
- Begins with how to get a good sound from just your headjoint.
- Flute Secrets
- FLUTE list postings on articulation, hand position, etc. that I've collected over the years
- Flute Teaching Tips
- from Larry Krantz — More Than... 101 Uses for Scales, by Mary C.J. Byrne
Changing Flute Embouchures by Patricia George; Scale Practice Routine by James Galway and more.
- Getting to the second octave
- Patricia George
- How to be(come) a good teacher
- What makes a
- Jennifer Cluff
- Articles for flute
teachers on How to teach the Flute
- Jennifer Cluff
- The Ideas
Network of Wiconsin Public Radio
- The ideas network of Wisconsin has compiled a tremendous resource for
music (and other teachers). The music section contains 214 entries
on many aspects of music instruction.
- All kinds of pedagogical tools including Accompaniments for Taffanel & Gaubert
excercise #4 (mp3 format) —
available at mm. at 70, 80, 90, 100, 110, and 120 in 16ths. Thanks to Matthew Taylor who says,
"There is also one at 160bpm if your an absolute show off smarty bum."; and Flute flash cards — with
note names, fingerings and notation.
four-year-old Katelyn to play the flute
- from Blocki Flute Method
- Teaching the Adult
- Teaching trills
- by Nathan Zalman
- Throat Tuning
- Part 1; Part 2; Part 3. Extremely helpful youtube videos
from Robert Dick.
- Piccolo pointers
- Alternate piccolo fingerings
- John Krell
- Cleaning the piccolo embouchure hole
- Courtesy of Janet Kinmonth
- Piccolo cork placement
- from Dan Colburn, USAF Band, D.C. Retired
- Piccolo intonation exercises
- by Kate Prestia Schaub
- From the wondrous Jennifer Cluff
How Many Hours a Day Should You Practice?
- by Dr. Noa Kageyama from the Bullet-proof Musician (unfortunately kinda violent, but a website
chock full of good information). This particular link compares mindless and mindful practicing
& offers a list of things to concentrate on for the latter
- Improving Technique
- By Patricia George
- Jump Right
In: The Instrumental Series
- Builds in carrying a tune and keeping a steady beat concurrently with traditional
"executive skills" such as embochure, posture, hand position, and articulation with
the aid of a student take-home CD. JR note - It does have
the "Band book" drawback of having only flat keys (at least in the flute books).
- from Steven Peters
- An excellent resource including a "Scales Board Game" and more
- The Practice
- a blog by Zara Lawler
- Practice components
- by flutist/composer Peter J. Bacchus, flute professor at
the Barcelona Conservatory
- Practice Methods
- A good basic site that covers the various parameters from pre-practice
to memorization. Compiled by Stephanie Castongia BM MM
religiously or parish (pun intended?)
- Leonard Garrison
- Practice time
- by Trishia Craig (GBFA Gazette article)
- Practicing above C4
- by Shelley Collins
- Practicing Tips
- Angela's Flute Page - the main page is hard to read but the practicing
page is good.
- from Jennifer Cluff
& Gaubert - John Wion's approach to practicing
- When practicing alone isn't enough
- Wall Street Journal article by Corinna da Fonseca-Wollheim about Noa Kageyama whose blog, The Bulletproof Musician, uses principles developed to toughen up tennis pros . . . to help musicians cope with the intense pressure of solo performance.
- Alto and Bass Flute Resources
- from Chris Potter, D.M.A.
- Andersen Etudes, opus 15
- English translations of the Italian expressive subtitles from Barbara Hopkins
- Andersen sequence
- Kincaid's sequence for studying Andersen's etudes
- Annotated Bibliography
of Double Wind Quintet Music
- Created and maintained by Catherine Gerhart
- Backing tracks
- Midi versions of the accompaniment of commonly studied pieces like Faure's Pavane, Gluck's
Blessed Spirits, etc.
- Baroque style
- Thoughts from Rachel Brown
& Daniel Pyle
- Jeanne Baxtresser's
- Notes from a masterclass taken by Susan Maclagan
- Learning Berio's Sequenza
- by Robert Dick
- Celtic Music for Flute
- compiled by Jennifer Cluff
- "Contemporary" flute works
- I say contemporary because some of the pieces on this list are almost 100 years old. It's drawn from the rep list for the SoundScape summer program in Italy.
- Density 21.5
"Varèse's Explication of Debussy's Syrinx in Density 21.5 and An Analysis of
Varèse's Composition: A Secret Model Revealed," The Music Review 43/2
(1982): 121-134. - by Carol Baron. Search for the second "Density" on the page for the link to the article.
- Density 21.5 by
Varèse - by Robert Dick
- Robert Dick videos
- 10,000 hours - an interview with
Robert Dick. From the website: "Robert Dick and James Ilgenfritz discuss Dick’s early
development as an innovative performer on the flute."
- Fish are jumpin' cadenza tips
life blues - with his glissando headjoint
- Online instruction
- These are videos in which Robert teaches classical repertoire.
Quoting him, "The students are some wonderfully talented high school flutists
from the New York City area.
- Doppler duet with Jean-Pierre Rampal & Julius Baker on the Dick Cavett show
- Watch for some stellar ensemble work, finger position & breathing technique & finally
settling the flutist/flautist debate
- Ibert Concerto, first movement
- Mozart Concert in D, first movement
- Hindemith Flute Sonata
- by Katherine Hoover
- Karg-Elert Caprices
- By Patricia George
- Klezmer vs. Sephardic music
- by Adrianne Greenbaum
- Blackbird sound clip
in the solo flute part of Jules Mouquet's "La Flute de Pan"
- by Matt Johnston
- Mozart K. 314, a.k.a. Concerton in D
- Performance suggestions form John Wion.
- Opera tunes
- mp3 files
- Le Grand Répertoire de la flûte de B.
- "Indispensable" catalog of flute chamber works. Link is to MAC CD, but print &
Windows CD available
- The Repertoire
Catalogue for Piccolo, Alto Flute and Bass Flute
- Compiled by Peter van Munster, the Royal Conservatory in The Hague.
suggestions from Jen Cluff
- Everything from Baroque to extended techniques.
- Important historical information courtesy of Trevor Wye and thoughtful commentary from Robert Dick.
- Teaching Telemann Fantasie No. 1
- By Rachel Brown
- Works for flute and viola
- Thanks to Clifford Nieweg
- How to practice sightreading
- Sight reading by Betty Stone
- Tone studies
- Embouchure flexibility exerciese
with a bottle
- Youtube video
- Harmonic Roll
- a video demonstrating Bill McBirnie's tone exercise.
- Diaphragm to throat vibrato
- by Richard D. Billington
- From John Wion
- Helen Bledsoe's blog
- Everything from acoustics to yoga
of Musical Keys
- The article "contains a selection of information from the Internet about the
emotion or mood associated with musical keys. It is not complete nor does it
include information found only in print sources."
- Chromatic Scale
- From C to shining C (4) Chromatic Scale (8th notes) in
in Dr. John's publications
Circle of fifths graphic
- "Best practices in the
fair use of copyrighted materials in music scholarship"
- .pdf file from the American Musicological Society.
- Copyright Explained Musically
- Short music video that helps sort out copyright rules & regulations using a really catchy tune.
- Copyright Term and the
Public Domain in the United States 1 January 2012
- This chart was first published in Peter B. Hirtle, "Recent Changes To The Copyright Law: Copyright
Term Extension," Archival Outlook, January/February 1999. This version is current as of 1 January 2012.
The most recent version is found at
- Public Domain and Creative Commons: A Guide to Works You Can Use Freely
- Courtesy of Tammy Ravas, Visual and Performing Arts Librarian and Media Coordinator Assistant Professor, University of Montana.
- Teaching copyright
- Helping us all understand it
- Does material affect tone quality in woodwind
instruments?: Why scientists and musicians just can�t seem to agree
- Bret Pimental
- Errata in flute music
- Errata in Trevor
Wye's practice books
- Published flute music errata
- From John Wion
- Fingering Diagram Builder
- Fabulous free tool for putting fingerings into your electronic documents. From the prolific Bret Pimental.
- Flute Miking
- Flute Spa with Patricia George
- FLUTE list posting by Susan Maclagan (used with permission)
- FLUTE listserv pages
- Thank you, Larry Krantz. See also Flutelist.com
- Innovative ideas
in performance and pedagogy
- This useful site, created by Laura Lentz and others, includes areas devoted to creativity, entrepreneurship,
pedagogy and wellness, to name but a few, in addition to tips for flutists.
- Johann Joachim Quantz's
- Poem by W.S. Graham. Thanks to
Christopher Krueger, director University of Massachusetts Amherst Flute Studio
- Manuscript paper
- .pdf file Adobe Acrobat Reader required. Available here.
- Marlene Metz Hartzler's bolg on practicing & keeping kids inspired
- Musical symbols (and their interpretation)
- From Dolmetsch.com
- Enables parents, students and musicians to find music teachers,
music schools and music lessons anywhere in the United States by zip code.
- "Of the Standard of Taste"
- originally published in 1757 by David Hume (1711-1776), one of the most important of the British
- Performing Arts Encyclopedia
- from the Library of Congress
- Practice log
- Only for PCs (i.e. no Mac version) "a program for tracking the time that you spend doing an
activity. This could be anything that you want a log of; like practicing a musical instrument,
studying, excersising, working or sleeping."
Positive Reinforcement: A self-instructional exercise
- teaches the concept of positive reinforcement
- REAL FLUTE video project
- a comprehensive online resource by flutist Nina Perlove
- Quantz tuner
- "a suite of real-time, interactive, data-driven music visualization tools that respond to sound." There's a free online version.
- Rhythm Help
- Rockstro online
- In the 19th century Richard Rockstro devised an alternative way of
holding the flute. Here are two links to online versions of part of his
book A treatise on the flute
- Rockstro on
holding the flute
- Rockstro on tone
- Scale routine
- Five note pattern from Sir James Galway
- Schubert's Trockne Blumen translation
- Sheet music available for free
- modern editions of a lot of music from the 17th and 18th century, in .pdf format from Johan Tufvesson.
- Tips for flute
- from Diane Boyd Schultz, Associate Professor at Stephen F. Austin
State University: The "Art" in articulation, Piccolo FAQ,
- Tips for the Preparation of Contemporary Flute Music
- by Helen Bledsoe (available in English and German)
tuner to run on your computer
- Youtube videos of flute pieces
- Paul Taffanel "Francesca da Rimini" Fantasie -
Juergen Franz, flute, Thomas Haberlah, piano
- For Dr. John's program notes, see my recital page
- notes in .pdf format, which requires
Adobe Acrobat reader
- The Concert Programmes Project Online
- from the International Association of Music Libraries
- Used the advanced search function to find liner notes.
- Finding Online Program Notes
- By Paul T. Jackson -- Trescott Research
- Immaculata Symphony
- Orchestral literature
- Music Program Notes for Band and Wind Ensemble Music
- "ordered by composer, of the program notes and biographies generated
for use in programs for performances of the Foothill College Symphonic Wind
Ensemble," Los Altos Hills, CA
- If you're having a hard time tracking down info, this site not only gives birth & death dates where available, but
also lists reference works (sometimes with page numbers!) where informtion can be found. I find that searching for last
name only helps.
- Sierra Chamber Society
- Program notes by Joseph Way
- Dolmetsch online
- A comprehensive list ot topics from Staff, Cleff & Pitch Notation to Counterpoint
- Duke Journal of Music Theory
- Fundamental principles of scale/chord relationships
- from Bill McBirnie
- The Music Theory Song
- Thanks to David Rakowski and friends.
- Music Composition Theory
- A blog several years old, but with some pretty choice information.
- Macromedia Flash Player 6.0r65 or
higher is required to view the content. Lessons from staves to neopolitan chords, quizzes (Ricci
calls them trainers) on identifiying notes, keys, intervals, etc., and "utilities"
like chord calculators (you pick the key & the root & it displays the chord on a keyboard)
- Seven levels of lessons from time signatures, key signatures, major scales and intervals, to figured bass, 7th chords and more. Lesson 7 certificate awards the user "UCAS points (UK university entrance points)." According to the site's creator, Victoria Williams, a graduate of The University of Leeds, "you can download PDF versions of everything on the site (and more) if you prefer to work with a pen and paper."
- Quick fact sheet
- A .pdf file from The Texas Music Project. Their main page has
links to a Tips for Flute page,
courtesy of Dr. Christina Guenther,
among other things.
- Society of Music Theory
- a very helpful listserv
- Theory books for youngsters
- recommended by Jen Cluff
- Fish are Jumpin' cadenza tips
- This FLUTE listserv posting specifically about the FAJ cadenza also includes general tips for cadenza creation
- Lars Asbjørnsen
- Also has examples of his own cadenzas